We teach students the right way

Students write essays at many colleges and high schools. A good essay requires maturity, insight, creativity, and open-mindedness. Writing a good essay is not as easy as we could think of the first look. When looking for the essence of the essay, you will surely come across the name Michel de Montaigne, who, according to traditional literature, is considered the creator of an essayist genre. The term essay comes from French essai, which means experiment, test. M. Montaigne was the first to use the term essay in her works.

What is an essay?

The Dictionary of Contemporary English Language defines an essay as an artistic reflection on philosophical, artistic and scientific issues. It is a literary genre at the interface of journalism, literature and professional style. The essence of the essay is the contribution of information to the reader, personal reflection, expression of subjective opinion and belief. In the essay, the author expresses mainly his subjective opinion on the topic. The information he works with is trying to transform it into his thoughts and arguments so that the reader becomes familiar with his truth.

The essay is based on the interface between artistic and professional style. It is a critical reflection on a certain problem in the form of stylized text. In his essay, the author expresses and justifies his own opinion on a particular matter, he argues with the professional and his point of view. By arguing the reader about the merits of his opinion. Arguments should be substantiated by reasons – subjective opinion, feelings of the author, opinions of other people in publishing sources, research results and the like. The essay uses explanation, proving and not just a description of the issue. By processing the essay, the student proves that he / she is able to orientate himself / herself in professional knowledge and his / her competence:

  • Work with technical terms, facts and scientific resources
  • Use your knowledge to analyze a selected issue
  • to formulate their own opinions on the chosen issue, which is of interest to the author.

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How to write a good essay?

There are more types of essays, but our schools often use a professional essay. The “professional” attribute refers to the content of the text. When writing, be careful about subjective statements, which must be supported by information from relevant literature on the subject.

The essence of the essay is the clarity, conciseness, and logical follow-up of the text, but at the same time it is important to write eye-catching, feeling, and meaningful. It is certainly not appropriate to use slang, colloquial expressions, and vulgarisms. It is very important to follow the correct grammar and avoid typos.

You can write an essay in the first person called. “Form” or “third party” “On-form”. If you opt for the “I-form”, the essay will be more honest, but in an expert essay, the “on-form” rather than the scientific one is recommended.

The scope of the essay is individual and depends on the topic being discussed and the teacher’s ideas, which usually determine the extent of the pages. It is important not to exceed the upper limit. The formal aspect of the essay is based on the directive of the given higher education institution and must be followed by the essay and not only during the final theses.

Individual parts of the essay

Each essay is divided into an introduction, a core, a conclusion. Individual parts can have their own individual headline. Of course, the scope of the essay should be taken into account, with a short essay many headings would be distracting. Conversely, a longer essay calls for the division into smaller logical units. In the introduction, it is necessary to introduce the theme of the essay by several sentences. At the end, the main idea of the essay needs to be mentioned and you can go to the main part – the core. It is the most extensive part of the work where you present your views on the issue. It is advisable to argue with expert opinions, to bring insights from multiple sides and points of view. Remember that each of your opinions must be properly labeled with relevant sources and citations according to your school’s standard. At the end of the essay, we will only summarize the issues discussed. At the end, you no longer come up with new ideas.

The most common mistakes in writing an essay

If you want your essay to be really good, you should watch out for frequently recurring mistakes. The most common errors include:

  • grammatical errors, typos, commas, paragraphs,
  • bad structure, the text is unified, the highlight of important things is missing,
  • illogical sequence of text, non-continuing sentences or paragraphs, unconventional thoughts,
  • not responding to the main questions of the assignment
  • narrow understanding of the subject, focus on one problem
  • excessive diversion from the subject
  • unsubstantiated, unverified arguments
  • lack of controversy over the issue, one-sided view without criticism
  • the author’s own contribution is missing – his knowledge, experience, ideas,
  • generality – the text is too extensive, does not go into detail, contains a large number of general statements, frequent repetition of the same idea,
  • the essay has the character of a seminar paper – it contains many facts, explanations, the essay is composed of excerpts from other sources and does not contain the author’s contribution

Essay is not a seminar paper

at the end there is an inadequate summary, the author does not state what follows from the essay.

Recommendations for writing an essay

Before you start writing an essay, choose the appropriate topic. You should choose the subject based on what is close to you, what you understand, what you can say. Once you have chosen the theme, write a title that should be eye-catching, clear, brief to attract the reader and motivate him to read the essay. When you have selected a topic, you need to find your way around it. You need to get the most information, data, arguments for and against different sources. It is advisable not to avoid the arguments you disagree with. In your essay, you can comment on them. A convenient form to start writing can be simple brainstorming. You get a lot of ideas, ideas that you can use in the essay. Try to write the essay in the shortest possible time. It is not a good idea to write down the writing for a long period of time (month, half a year) because the text does not have to work together and the logical sequence can be disturbed. It is important to realize that everything you write must be backed by facts, research, and include your views and attitudes to the issue.

Real Student Experience with Writing Essays

Many students are currently studying abroad. One of them is Elise Klinton, who studies at the University of Scotland. Andrews. Recently she was thinking about how her high school had prepared her for studying abroad, and she also mentioned her essays in her memories. Eliška points out that studying at foreign universities is precisely the essay and if you have not taught them correctly in high school, you have an extra problem: “The essay is not a reasoning and the reasoning is not an interpretation. An essay has a set structure, you need to know how to work with resources, you should be able to cite resources, but you are often limited by the number of characters. When I came to Scotland, every teacher smacked me with essays, and I study natural sciences. At that time, it would be most helpful if I knew how to write essays. ”

Elise Klinton mentions that although she wrote enough in high school, she was mostly thinking about where she explained her opinion, but used some other source exceptionally. And the essay requires the use of a large number of different sources that need to be searched for, processed, based on, and defended, with the help of various provable and existing facts. According to Elise Klinton, writing professional texts should become an obvious part of teaching and science. Teachers should also teach pupils to find quality resources and not just Wikipedia. They should also teach them how to cite correctly, how they are analyzed, and how to defend their conclusions. In British high schools, essays are being taught constantly throughout the study, and so British students have been ahead of students in other countries for years.